Often the causal direction of mental health conditions and low economic and social participation is unclear. The GSS provides a range of information about the social and economic circumstances of people who self-reported a mental health condition. These are people aged 15 years and over who said they had been told by a doctor or nurse that they have a mental health condition, such as depression.
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Paid employment provides income and is important to the economic wellbeing of individuals and society, but it also provides security and an opportunity for social engagement. There was also a larger proportion of people with a mental health condition who were not in the labour force compared with people who did not report a mental health condition Table 9. They were also more than three times more likely than those without a mental health condition to experience a barrier to accessing healthcare when needed.
The main reason people with a mental health condition reported that they could not obtain healthcare most recently included the cost of the service, and waiting times that were too long or having no available appointments Table 7. Social isolation, sometimes associated with caring responsibilities, is a factor that can contribute to mental health issues. People with a mental health condition were more likely than those without to have provided unpaid assistance to people living outside the household and to have cared for a person with a disability, long term health condition or old age in the last four weeks Table Relationships and engagement in the community are important for mental wellbeing as they provide people with networks of support.
Many people with a mental health condition and many people without had similar levels of connectedness with family and the community. Contact with family or friends appears to be as strong for people with a mental health condition as for those without.
People with a mental health condition also enjoyed similar levels of support in times of crisis from people living outside the household. People with a mental health condition were also just as likely as people without to have done voluntary work in the last 12 months Table In this analysis, people with disability include those who identified some restriction to their core activities, a schooling or employment restriction as well as those without a specific restriction. In the GSS, one of the issues to emerge as significant for this group was access to services. In , about three in ten people with disability had difficulty accessing service providers compared with about two in ten people without disability.
The cost of the healthcare service and waiting times that were too long or having no available appointments were the main reasons people with disability could not obtain healthcare most recently Table 7. People with disability were also less likely than those without to have participated in sport or recreational activities or to have attended a sporting event as a spectator. They were also less likely than people without disability to have attended a selected cultural venue or event in the last 12 months Table These documents will be presented in a new window. Skip to main content. Our new website is coming in June Check out the ABS Beta now.
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Figure 8. Figure 9. As Castles argued: The historic compromise between the classes did not centre around a modification of the reward structure of capitalism through the distributive mechanisms at the command of the state, as in the European countries, but focused directly on the primary distribution of income generated by the capitalist market mechanism.
Castles : 87 The Working Class and Welfare helped to challenge the predominant view that Australia and New Zealand were welfare laggards. Notes OECD data is generally regarded as being robust for drawing international comparisons on economic statistics Giovannini Is the European welfare state really more expensive? Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development; Continuity through change: The rhetoric and reality of health reform in New Zealand.
Budget Overview — Contrasting Systems? Journal of Industrial Relations. Talking Policy: How social policy is made. Auckland: Oxford University Press; In: Castles FG, editor. The Comparative History of Public Policy.